Source of Dniester River, Rozluch village, Vovche village
Source of Dniester River
From ancient times the river symbolized life. It is alive, changeable, tortuous and fleeting. It is fast, cheerful, but sometimes wide and powerful. It is born somewhere very high and far away and carries its waters to the blue sea.
Really, where is it born? Where does the largest river in western Ukraine originate? And is there a source that can be considered the beginning of the Dniester?
It turns out that it is possible to identify the source of the river and hydrologists have methods for establishing the source of rivers. According to their data, Dniester river begins at an altitude of 932 m above sea level near Vovche village, near Rozluch mount. A small stream called Stare Pole flows near the village. In fact, this thread of cold water should be called the famous name Dniester, here begins the water artery of Galicia, that ends by the confluence with Black Sea near Odessa city. Vovche village stands on two banks of the river. Local villages still may boast that the river flows through the center of the village. Now the source of Dniester is a natural monument located between Shumyach, Rozluch and Vovche villages, but apparently closer to Vovche. The area of the reserve is 54 hectares, it is located on the territory of Turka State Forestry of Vovche Forestry.
At the source of Dniester the eco-festival "Dniester Day" is carried out, that aims to promote traditional cultural heritage, environmental awareness among the population, strengthening of contacts and cultural ties with the cities of Dniester basin, exchange of knowledge, cultural and folk traditions, features, experience, expansion worldview.
This natural monument can be reached both from Rozluch village and from Vovche village. The route is not difficult, so it is suitable for beginners. The length of the route is ~ 3 km. Incredible landscapes, fresh Carpathian air, mushrooms and berries (in season) and unforgettable impressions are waiting for you on all sections of the road. Near the source there is a recreation area for travelers, there are gazebos for a comfortable feast and hiding from the rain.
In addition, it is possible to approach the source of Dniester on motorcycles, ATVs, as from Vovche village and Rozluch village, as well as by car with a high ground clearance from Vovche village, or partially from Rozluch village.
The Dniester is a transboundary river that originates in the Ukrainian Carpathians at an altitude of 900 m, flows through Moldova and reenters Ukraine, where it flows into Black Sea through Dniester estuary.
The name "Dniester" is often interpreted as "big river", and this is not surprising because the length of the Dniester is 1352 km.
Peculiarity of the Dniester in its various landscapes: in the upper reaches - mountain landscapes, rapid flow, rocky shores and picturesque rapids; on the plain - the river slows down, the banks become sloping; in delta - flow velocity decreases so much that the river forms islands overgrown with willows.
The largest tributaries of the Dniester are: Stryi in the upper reaches; Seret, Zbruch, Smotrych and Murafa in the middle reaches; Reut and Byk in the down reaches. In the upper reaches tributaries flow into mainly from the right side, and in the middle Dniester - from the left.
More than 5 million people in Ukraine and more than 2.7 million people in Moldova live now in Dniester basin.
Sources of the Dniester are about ten streams descending from the northern slopes of forested Carpathians. Streams are the same in length and water content, flow into the Dniester very close to the source, that is located on the southwestern slope of Rozluch ridge, near the Vovche village.
Source of the Dniester is a natural monument "Source of Dniester River". In addition to the actual source of the Dniester, coniferous plantations are protected here. Not far from the source lies regional landscape park "Upper Dniester Beskids".
In the forests of the park, forest lily and bear leek enchant with their flowers, and stiff clubmoss spreads with a green carpet. Among the animals on the edges of the forest there are smooth snake and common viper, and in the forests - red deer and roe deer. Spotted salamander is a bright inhabitant of mountain streams. Beautiful bird white stork may occure in the park, and if you are lucky, you can see an owl too.